The ruins of the "Zubstejn" castle - 29km


The ruins of the castle are located on top of an elongated hill about 10 kilometers north of Pernštejna Castle and form a dominant feature of the landscape around Pivonic. Zubštejn was not very large, because its dimensions were determined by the top of the hill on which it was built. On the northern side it was protected by a wide and deep ditch. Zubštejn, called Lapis (Stone) in Latin, stands on a steep hill southeast of the village of Pivonice. It was built at the beginning of the 14th century, when the family of the lords of Pernštejn was growing and its members needed new residences. Reports about the earlier founding of Zubštejn can probably be attributed to later forgeries by the Bystrica archivist A. Boček. In 1358, Zubštejn was acquired by Moravian Margrave Jan Jindřich. During his era, the castle was expanded and fortified. In 1446, Zubštejn returned to the hands of the lords of Pernštejn and remained in them. It was certainly seriously damaged during the Hussite Wars, because in contemporary reports it is mentioned only as a hill station (i.e. the site of a demolished castle). But the Pernštejn family restored it. Vilém of Pernštejn proceeded to modernize the castle and build proper fortifications; at that time, five artillery bastions were built on the castle. The financial crisis of the Pernštejn family in the 16th century proved fatal for the castle, when from 1547 the castle was listed as deserted.